The rule, which prevents migrants from claiming asylum if they do not do so at an official border crossing, is the latest attempt by the White House to handle a surge in migration to the USA from the Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. Under the old rule, any immigrant in the country illegally arrested anywhere could instantly claim asylum and a case had to be filed for them, taking up resources and valuable time from an already overburdened asylum system.
"Asylum-seekers have been left to camp out for days and weeks on bridges at the border, when they should be guaranteed a right to enter the country for a fair hearing".
The Trump administration said it would prohibit people who illegally cross the us border with Mexico from claiming asylum, as the president seeks to choke off migration from Latin America. Instead of sneaking into the United States and making an asylum claim only after getting caught and facing deportation, immigrants will now have to present themselves to border authorities at a legal point of entry, surrender themselves to custody, and only then will they be allowed to file for asylum.
President Trump is expected to formally enact the rule in a presidential proclamation Friday.
Trump made immigration a key issue in Tuesday's election, stoking fear among his supporters about a migrant caravan that's still hundreds of miles away in Mexico.
Two senior administration officials that spoke to NBC News said that "of the [immigration] measures most likely to be approved by the president, all were likely to lead to a lawsuit".
In 2017, the US fielded more than 330,000 asylum claims, almost double the number two years earlier and surpassing Germany as highest in the world.
The "before" and "after" effect of this new rule is going to be stark.
The American Civil Liberties Union said that right of asylum must be granted to anyone entering the country, regardless of where they were.
It is unclear how numerous migrants traveling in the caravans will approach the ports of entry and attempt to enter legally.
Claims have spiked in recent years, and there is a backlog of more than 800,000 cases pending in immigration court. Trump announced Thursday that he would make such a move.
While there has been a recent spike in asylum claims, the number of illegal crossings at the southern border is a fraction of the totals seen from the late 1980s through the early 2000s.
The move would largely affect migrants from Central America's Northern Triangle - Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador - who cross the US border with Mexico to flee violence and poverty in their home countries.
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It's unclear how many people en route to the U.S.in the current caravans will even make it to the border.
It's unclear how many people en route to the US will even make it to the border. The migrants are largely poor people and many say they're fleeing violence; more than 1,700 were children under 18, and more than 300 were children under age 5.