The unprecedented attacks on America's closest ally left a bitter taste. The deal is due to be signed by the leaders of the U.S., Canada and Mexico by end of next month, but at that point each country will still need to ratify it.
The steel and aluminum tariffs will remain in place, Trump said, to bolster the American industries. "We have survived it".
Passage of the deal by the US Congress is not expected until the spring of 2019, after November elections could shift control of the House of Representatives to Democrats from Republicans.
More than two-thirds of Canadian exports go to the United States, equivalent to 20 percent of its Gross Domestic Product, while Canada is the largest export market for the United States.
"We didn't ask to reopen NAFTA". Julie Kenney is the Deputy Secretary for the Iowa Department of Agriculture and says going back to the way things were before the renegotiation process is welcome news. "We limited the damage and preserved our access to the American market".
Trudeau spoke with reporters, along with Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland after landing the major trade breakthrough last night, just before a US -imposed deadline. That speech was an exercise in moderation compared to the USA demands that numbered more than 100 items, but still, Canada's goals were ambitious.
Another red line for Canada was Chapter 19.
The agreement also grants the USA greater access to Canadian dairy markets and includes an automatic review of the agreement's provisions every six years.
But there is a widely shared belief that Canada made concessions and the USA did not.
"Our farmers were not treated properly by Canada", he said. The United States ranks No. 2 in the world behind China in manufacturing output.
Robert Bothwell, a professor at the University of Toronto, also said the US just reduced their initial demands. "People will accept it with resignation rather than joy".
Lawmakers from both parties expressed relief that a deal was clinched with Canada at the last minute. "Our economic partnership has been reaffirmed, but trust can't be rebuilt with the stroke of a pen", Paris tweeted.
Canadian and US negotiators reached a deal late Sunday on reforming the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canadian media reported, after more than a year of talks triggered by US President Donald Trump's discontent with the 24-year old pact.
The US has also been embroiled in a trade war on several fronts this year.
"But its impact on the credit profile of firms reliant on the regional free trade agreement-such as in the auto, dairy, and agribusiness sectors-will vary depending on the specific details of the agreement", it said. "And by the way, whether or not Canada has supply management needs to be a decision for Canada and Canadians and not for any other country, so we were clear about that".
Supporting a 21st Century economy through new protections for USA intellectual property, and ensuring opportunities for trade in US services.
"It's freakish", Charest, the former Quebec premier, said. "This is not appropriate for a trade agreement".
From 2020, cars must have 75% of their parts manufactured in Canada, Mexico or the United States to qualify for zero import tariffs - a substantial jump from the current 62.5% requirement. "Canada trade relationship could prompt businesses to put more investment dollars to work and will support exports".
The metal tariffs discussions are on a "completely separate track", according to a senior USA official.
In fact, the US has always been a manufacturing powerhouse and by some projections - made before he took office - is expected to be No. 1 in 2020. "It could have been much worse".
That person was none other than U.S. President Donald Trump. I am polite and respectful.
The president became aware of Freeland's attendance at the "Tyrant" event as a plot to prevent Trump from meeting the prime minister at the United Nations and agreeing prematurely to a deal, a source said.
Ms. Freeland said Canada had also been able to preserve its trade "cultural exemption", updated to include digital platforms, to protect Canadian media and art from being overwhelmed by larger US competitors.
"It has been shocking and disappointing and upsetting". "It has been traumatic".
I don't think any country would like someone to be in their critical trade negotiations that was not tough. "The president deserves praise for taking large steps to improve it", said Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer of NY.
Bothwell, the University of Toronto professor, warned of lingering damage to relations. Trump said he spoke to Trudeau by phone and that their recent tensions didn't affect the deal-making.
"But this is nation to nation".