Looking back at first and second 2018 inter-Korean summits

Moon will try again to

Moon will try again to"play the role of facilitator or mediator, said his special advisor on foreign affairs Moon Chung-in

South Korean President Moon Jae-in (left) and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un participate in an open-car parade in Pyongyang.

Throughout the first day of Moon's three-day trip to North Korea, the South Korean leader could be seen grinning broadly as he and Kim enjoyed the ecstatic reception of a Pyongyang that seemed to have been painted, polished and framed until it was the best possible version of itself - on the video that South Korean media traveling with Moon captured and beamed back to Seoul, at least.

The South Korean president and his entourage will be received at the airport in Pyongyang with an official welcoming ceremony, where Kim could make a personal appearance, Im said.

His plane took off from the military's Seoul Air Base for the 80-minute flight to the North Korean capital, live TV footage showed.

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Moon is expected to stay in Pyongyang for three days through Thursday.

It's the third meeting between Moon and Kim - and the first to take place outside of the "truce village" of Panmunjom, on the border.

The inter-Korean summit will be a litmus test for another meeting Kim has recently proposed to U.S. President Donald Trump, giving clues to whether Kim is serious about denuclearisation, a commitment he made at their first encounter in June.

Thousands of residents, holding bouquets and chanting in unison "Reunification of the country!" lined the streets as Kim and Moon rode through the city in an open-topped vehicle, passing the Kumsusan Palace where Kim's predecessors - his father and grandfather - lie in state.

"Citing the lack of progress on U.S. - North Korean dialog, Kim said, "[South Korea] needs to have some kind of mediating role to (continue dialog)".

The conflict ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty, leaving US -led United Nations forces including South Korea technically still at war with the North.

Kim Yo-jong, Kim Jong-un's sister and first vice director of the Central Committee of the ruling Workers' Party, was also at the airport on Tuesday.

Travelling with him are South Korean business tycoons, including Samsung scion Jay Y. Lee and the chiefs of SK Group and LG Group.

Before leaving for Pyongyang, Moon said he planned to have a lot of frank talks with Kim during his visit to the DPRK in order to bring "irreversible, permanent peace to the Korean Peninsula" and help restart the DPRK-U.S. dialogue on the denuclearization of the peninsula. Long has spent about 150 days in North Carolina since becoming FEMA administrator in June 2017, the Journal reports, and he continued his government-subsidized commute after DHS lawyers warned him it was illegal past year, prompting the inspector general's office to put him under surveillance.

On Monday, Moon told senior aides at Cheong Wa Dae, "I'm going to have candid talks with Kim to find common ground between Washington's demand for denuclearization measures and Pyongyang's demand for an end to hostile relations and for security guarantees".

Moon was expected to have talks with Kim on Tuesday and Wednesday, according to Moon's chief of staff. Moon and Kim were also expected to jointly announce the results of their talks on Wednesday if things go smoothly.

This week's summit comes as the United States presses other countries to strictly observe UN sanctions aimed at choking off funding for Pyongyang's nuclear and ballistic missile programmes. North Korea maintains that it has developed its nuclear weapons to the point that it can now defend itself against a potential USA attack, and can now shift its focus to economic development and improved ties with the South.

"The government of President Moon", says Gaffney, "is more or less playing for their side, not ours, and to the great detriment to the people of South Korea".

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