The start of the play on day 3 of the second test match between Sri Lanka and West Indies in St Lucia was delayed by nearly 100 minutes as Sri Lankan players refused to take the field.
Chandimal is accused of breaching Level 2.2.9 of the ICC Code of Conduct for "changing the condition of the ball".
Sri Lanka refused to take the field on the third day of the second Test in the West Indies after a ball-tampering row.
According to a report from ESPNcricinfo, the umpires laid the charge on Chandimal after reviewing footage of day two, where they found evidence of a foreign substance being applied to the ball.
It is understood that what raised tempers in the Sri Lanka camp was that the match officials had informed Chandimal that they were going to change the ball about 10 minutes before the start of play on day three.
The right-hand batsman was also seen in a long discussion with the umpires while match referee Javagal Srinath was also spotted having a discussion with the Sri Lankan team management.
Action finally got under way half-hour before the scheduled lunch interval after Sri Lanka Cricket authorities instructed the team to take the field but "under protest".
The hearing will be attended by the match officials as well as members of the Sri Lanka team management.
Officials penalised the Sri Lankans five extra runs for the holdout, but the Sri Lankan camp maintained that despite eventually taking the field, the team was still playing under protest.
The latest ball-tampering fiasco had surfaced on the third day of the ongoing second Test between West Indies and Sri Lanka at Gros Islet on Saturday. "The Sri Lankans would have taken offence at that and would have made their case".
Earlier, Australia's Cameron Bancroft, Sri Lanka's Dasun Shanaka (2017) and South Africa's Faf du Plessis (2016) were also held for the same charge.
Bancroft was subsequently whacked with a nine-month ban from worldwide and first-class cricket by Cricket Australia.
West Indies won the first test of the three-match series by 226 runs.
West Indies, however, lost their last six wickets for 59 with the dismissal of Roston Chase for 41 triggering a decline from 241 for four.