Case of Nipah Virus suspected after sudden death of bats

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"Also, the crew is trying to minimalize the panic".

"Health staff are visiting individual households giving them specific instructions including about eating fruits from outside and other precautions", Mr U.V. Jose, the senior-most official in Kozhikode, told the AFP news agency.

"Situation in Gujarat is well under control". Officers of the health, animal husbandry and forest departments have taken samples of the dead bats for further investigation.

Nipa Virus aka NiV was first identified in Malaysia in 1988.

In India the disease was first reported in eastern West Bengal state in 2001.

India began a fresh round of tests to trace the origin of a rare brain-damaging virus that has killed 13 people, a health official said on Monday, as initial tests on animals suspected of carrying the Nipah virus showed no sign of the disease. A patient can fall into coma within 48 hours.

"Usually the infection is caught through direct contact with pigs, for example by pig farmers". "Experts consider that given (these diseases') potential to cause a public health emergency and the absence of efficacious drugs and/or vaccines, there is an urgent need for accelerated research and development", it says on the WHO website. Treatment for human cases is management treatment along with intensive supportive care.

UAE, Bahrain caution citizens after Nipah virus outbreak
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The WHO has named Nipah as one of the eight priority diseases that could cause a global epidemic, alongside Ebola and Zika.

According to local officials, these bats come every year and they die as well, but this year their numbers were comparatively high. "The infection remains highly localised, all cases being linked to one family", the advisory said. A central team has been sent to the district to help the state administration.

Apart from the 10 deaths in Kerala's Kozhikode and Mallapuram districts, some 94 people have been quarantined inside their homes while nine others are under surveillance in hospitals. "They may start screening people travelling from Kerala to Gujarat at railway stations and airports if needed", Dahiya said.

Human-to-human transmission of the virus has been recorded in previous outbreaks in India that killed as many as 50 people.

Nurse Lini Puthussery, who had initially treated the affected members of Moosa's family in the Perambra Taluk hospital in the district, also died after being infected by the virus.

At least 17 patients are under treatment, Shailaja added.

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