Putin, who has sought to restore Russia's military and diplomatic prominence on the world stage, focused nearly entirely on domestic issues in his speech after taking the oath of office in a vast, vaulted Kremlin hall glittering with gold leaf.
Putin expressed Russia's support for the Kurdistan Region in the meeting, which came following the military parade on Red Square in honor of Russia's 1945 victory as one of the chief Allied powers of World War II over Nazi Germany.
Putin reviewed the parade from a tribune packed with Soviet war veterans, some of whom wore rows of campaign medals and clutched red roses.
"We won't ever let them do this".
Much of the new military equipment on display has been tested out in Syria, the defence ministry said.
As commander-in-chief, he has also at times donned military uniform himself and been filmed at the controls of a strategic bomber and on the conning tower of a submarine in photo opportunities created to boost his man of action image.
Russian Federation has said it is considering supplying Syria with its advanced S-300 long-range surface-to-air missile systems in the wake of airstrikes on Syrian military targets.
The major new equipment on display included a Terminator tank created to be used in war zones involving nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, and a MiG-31 supersonic interceptor jet carrying a high-precision Kinzhal (Dagger) missile.
Sukhoi Su-57 fighter jets flew overhead, two months after they were spotted undergoing "real-world" testing in Syria.
Armed with a 30mm automatic cannon, a machine gun, anti-tank missiles and a rocket launcher, it looks like something out of a Hollywood science fiction film.
Mr. Netanyahu traveled to Moscow to speak with the Russian leader regarding the Syrian situation.
The Moscow parade was one of many which took place across Russia on Wednesday involving a total of 55,000 troops, 1,200 weapons systems and 150 war planes in 28 Russian cities.
As prime minister, Medvedev will be responsible for implementing the ambitious plan for Russia's development that Putin issued after his inauguration.