The Test trio are all first-time selections for this team, although, De Kock and Rabada both made the ODI team the previous year on which occasion De Kock was also named ICC ODI player of the year.
Pakistan's memorable Champions Trophy 2017 victory was voted as the ICC Fans' Moment of the Year.
Kohli surprisingly pipped Australian skipper Steve Smith for the ICCs Test team captaincy.
Virat Kohli, who swept the ICC awards on Thursday to win the ODI Player of the Year, Cricketer of the Year and named captain of the ICC's ODI and Test teams, became the second Indian batsman after Sunil Gavaskar to reach 900 Test ranking points.
According to the ICC report, Khan took 60 wickets in 2017 alone - a record for an Associate player in a calendar - and 43 in ODIs - another record for a player from outside the Full Member nations - making him a thoroughly deserved victor of the Associate Cricketer of the Year award.
After a strong 2017 season, Trent Boult has been recognised by cricket's governing body, with the left-arm fast bowler named in the ICC one-day global team of the year. "Last time it was [R] Ashwin, this time I'm getting it so I'm really really honoured and I'd like to thank the ICC for recognising all the hard work that we all put in for our respective sides and I want to congratulate all the other winners also". Virat had previously won the honor of the Cricketer of the year in 2012, when he was just 24 years old. The 19-year-old took 60 wickets in the year 2017. "I am so happy for 2017", said Rashid Khan. It is a record for an Associate player in a calendar year. It is very honorable and a happy moment for me to get this and to know that how I performed in 2017 was memorable and has lots of memories, so I really enjoyed myself in 2017.